A chemical reaction takes place only when the reacting particles collide. However, not all collisions are effective in causing the reaction. Products are formed only when the colliding particles possess a certain minimum energy called threshold energy. As a rule of thumb , reaction rates for many reactions double for every 10 degrees Celsius increase in temperature,  For a given reaction, the ratio of its rate constant at a higher temperature to its rate constant at a lower temperature is known as its temperature coefficient ( Q ). Q 10 is commonly used as the ratio of rate constants that are 10 °C apart.