In 2009’s mains attempt, I got only 20/200 marks in the Essay. It was about ‘are we a soft state?’ . I wrote it only from the foriegn policy and law-n-order point of view, without seeing the cultural -historical contexts. It was a monotonous essay without any spark. Moral of the story: do try to see different angles of the subject and give a thorough thought before you start writing.
Some veterans are in opinion that you should pick up the essay on technical subject, example space-technology, advances in medical science, how IT has changed lives and so on. Because only a few people attempt them, and due to technical nature, your ideas are unlikely to be in conflict with the examiner so you’ll get more marks.
But then again you need enough ‘content’ to write 1500+ words else the padding route=digging your own grave. And there are enough toppers who wrote the non-technical essay and still got in the top-merit list so as usual for every generalisation made about UPSC, you’ll find a counter example!
From the point of countries, politicians will perceive the ongoing situation as a wake-up call with regard to lower birth rates, more demands on houses, and more energy consumption. Firstly, more single households mean more single persons, and the population will shrink in the wake of falling number of married couples. Secondly, more houses are required to fulfill the need of individuals, which cause cities even more densely populated. London is a famous example; the number of houses has been stimulated by 48% over the past five years, and 80% of them are for singles. Finally, the consumption of electricity and gas will soar when more people choose to live on their own, and it will further pose a threat to our livelihood.